ecoi.net is run by the Austrian Red Cross (department ACCORD) in cooperation with Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration. Page 2 of 79 Preface ... was a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery or not, unless information comes to light at a later date that would alter the finding on human trafficking or modern slavery. Since the fall of communism in Albania in the early 1990s, the trade in young Albanian women has expanded into Western Europe, as well as the trade in women from Eastern Europe for sexual enslavement. For those who befall it, exploitation can last anywhere from 16 days to 16 years and beyond. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Albania, and traffickers exploit victims from Albania abroad. Become a member of EIN to access case law, country reports and bundles. The plan stresses prevention, protection, prosecution and cooperation. 8, pp. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The BMP institutionalized anti-trafficking training and the government, at times in cooperation with civil society, trained 59 police officers, 53 judges, 119 district prosecutors, and three Supreme Court inspectors. The government could not provide details about the type of exploitation for all official and potential victims but at least 36 were subjected to sex trafficking, 25 to forced labor, and 27 to forced begging. ... 5 September 2019, cW) Christopher Pincher Minister of State. Albania human rights abuses can end with your support. Local police improved implementation of child-specific procedures, including consistently involving social workers and psychologists when taking official statements from children. Authorities reported confusion between overlapping elements of exploitation of prostitution and trafficking and at times applied the lesser charge because it required less specialization and time, or due to the false belief that trafficking crimes required a transnational element. Albania: Human Trafficking. • Improve the sustainability of, and law enforcement participation in, mobile trafficking victim identification units. Albania’s trafficking profile (TIP 2019) Next. Victims could obtain restitution from the government or file civil suits against traffickers; no victims have received restitution. (2019). The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Albania remained on Tier 2. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. [13] Eighty percent of North Koreans who escape into China are women.Nine out of 10 of those women become victims of human trafficking, often for sex.If the women complain, they are deported back to North Korea, where they are thrown into gulags or are executed. • Increase efforts to screen vulnerable populations and train police, labor inspectors, and other front-line officials on proactive identification of victims. The government continued to investigate, prosecute, and convict fewer cases, leading to the lowest level of reported law enforcement actions in four years. The government did not transfer resources to a fund of seized criminal assets for support services, compared to 4.7 million leks ($43,900) in 2017. Albanian migrants who seek employment in Western Europe face forced labor and forced criminality. The government allocated 22.5 million leks ($210,180) to the government-run shelter, compared to 22.2 million leks ($207,380) in 2017. ONAC also conducted informational meetings with representatives from the Romani and Balkan Egyptian communities. Gurten Building, 2 nd Floor, Tirana Tel: (+355 … ... and human trafficking. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Prosecution of human trafficking in Albania (TIP 2019) trafficking and exploitation. ... Police continued to illustrate a limited understanding of human trafficking and failed in some cases to identify trafficking victims among individuals involved in forced prostitution or domestic servitude. ASP arrested 20 suspected sex traffickers on behalf of Italian and Greek authorities. In all three countries, the causes or drivers of human trafficking were found to be broad, multiple and overlapping. The government also doubled the budget for the Office of the National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator (ONAC) and adopted the 2018-2020 national action plan. Unlike some previous years, the government did not knowingly penalize victims, but may have penalized some trafficking victims due to inadequate identification efforts. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Investigations into some complaints were started, but tended to be delayed and inconclusive. The most recent report from the US State Department describes an increasingly dire situation regarding organized crime, drug trafficking, and money laundering in Albania. But in 2013, Albania identified only 95 victims of human trafficking, according to the Trafficking in Persons Report. The government also repatriated foreign victims, including one from Kosovo and one from North Macedonia. At any given time in 2016, an estimated 40.3 million people are in modern slavery, including 24.9 million in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage. Albania: Trafficking of women for sexual exploitation SJrsion 9.0 JunJ 2020 . 2019 Human Rights Report - Albania (PDF 241 KB) The Republic of Albania is a parliamentary democracy. The government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in trafficking offenses; however, official complicity and corruption were significant concerns. email : Let us free the slave women. The US State Department noted in its 2019 trafficking report that traffickers use false promises such as marriage and employment and instead traffic them across Europe. Courts convicted five traffickers (seven in 2017); four for child trafficking (one in 2018) and one for adult trafficking (six in 2017). The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Albania is both a country of origin and a transit country for the trafficking of men, women, and children for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour. Law enforcement did not consistently offer sufficient security and support, and victims and their families received threats during court proceedings. ONAC had not published regular activity reports on its website since 2017 but held four meetings with stakeholders involved in the NRM. Albanian victims are subject to sex trafficking in countries across Europe, particularly Kosovo, Greece, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, and the UK. The constitution vests legislative authority in the unicameral parliament (Assembly), which elects both the prime minister and the president. Protection against human trafficking in Albania (TIP 2019) trafficking and exploitation. Albania 2019 Crime & Safety Report. NCATS and the government provided assistance to 78 official and potential victims (101 in 2017), including food, mental health counseling, legal assistance, medical care, educational services, employment services, assistance to victims’ children, financial support, long-term accommodation, social activities, vocational training, and post-reintegration follow-up. (2019). Replaced report on people trafficking, Albania, March 2019 with new report on trafficking of women for sexual exploitation, Albania, June 2020. Page 2 of 79 Preface MurposJ ... was a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery or not, unless information comes to light at a later date that would alter the finding on human trafficking or modern slavery. ... Nearly 25,000 cases of human trafficking were reported to UNODC in 2016, up from approximately 20,000 in … Home; About Us. First responders referred potential victims to law enforcement and state social services who conducted joint interviews to determine official victim status. The government maintained victim protection efforts. The government allocated 11.9 million leks ($111,160) to ONAC, compared to 5.7 million leks($53,250) in both 2016 and 2017. UNODC is present in Albania at project level since 1998. The government provided free health care but access to education for child victims was inadequate. These efforts included updating standard operating procedures (SOPs) for victim identification and referral, allocating funding for victim coordinators in every prosecution office starting in 2019, and institutionalizing training on trafficking within the Border and Migration Police (BMP). Country monitoring / Albania / Albania . ecoi.net is supported by ECRE & UNHCR. The government continued to delay funding for NGO-run shelters and did not consistently apply victim-centered approaches to investigations and prosecutions. EU Anti Trafficking Day March 2019 A march against trafficking of human beings and all exploitation was held today in Tirana on the International Day Against THB. Irregular migrants from Asia are employed as domestic workers by wealthy families and vulnerable to domestic servitude. [13] Eighty percent of North Koreans who escape into China are women.Nine out of 10 of those women become victims of human trafficking, often for sex.If the women complain, they are deported back to North Korea, where they are thrown into gulags or are executed. The government maintained a multi-disciplinary national referral mechanism (NRM) and updated SOPs for identifying and referring victims to services. A £2m boost to deliver work in Albanian human trafficking hotspots has been announced today (Thursday 11 October), by Minister for Crime, Safeguarding and Vulnerability Victoria Atkins. After Communism fell, economic hardship left many people desperate. Albania is a small country in which trafficking - trading in human beings - took hold in the years after the collapse of communism in 1990. The Albanian State Police (ASP) investigated 38 trafficking cases with 51 suspects (69 cases with 80 suspects in 2017); nine of these suspects were investigated for child trafficking (22 in 2017) and 42 for adult trafficking (58 in 2017). It is not pleasant for us to ask our readers to do so, but there is no other way we can raise funds. our database features 500 country-of-origin information reports which are available for free download. The National Coalition of Anti-Trafficking Shelters (NCATS) reported that 85 cases of human trafficking were reported in 2015. The Government of Albania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The State Police Directorate’s hotline received three trafficking-related calls, which were referred to the appropriate authorities. 1300-1316. Law enforcement rarely initiated cases when civil society identified a potential victim, but ASP noted definitional differences with civil society on what constituted trafficking caused obstacles in identification. The Home Office CPIN “Albania: People trafficking”, published in March 2019, relies heavily on a Home Office Fact Finding Mission report (“the FFM report”) published in February 2018. Human trafficking not only involves sex and labor, but people are also trafficked for organ harvesting. It stresses that “governments may find it easier to blame sex trafficking on those who come to their countries to engage in foreign sex tourism than to address local demand”. Women who end up being trafficked are often seduced by men with promises of marriage and then forced into prostitution. The government did not make efforts to regulate or punish labor recruiters for illegal practices that increase migrants’ vulnerability to exploitation abroad. The Serious Crimes Prosecutor’s Office (SCPO) prosecuted two cases with six defendants (five cases with five defendants in 2017); three of these defendants were prosecuted for child trafficking (two in 2017) and three for adult trafficking (three in 2017). Observers continued to report police did not consistently screen individuals for potential involvement in prostitution during raids and investigations on commercial sex establishments and the Labor Inspectorate lacked the training to identify victims of forced labor. The end of communism has contributed to an increase in human trafficking, with the majority of victims being women forced into prostitution. Similarly, the government provided free textbooks to children in “social economic difficulties,” which did not explicitly include trafficking victims, and some regional directorates of the Ministry of Education used that omission to exclude child victims from receiving free textbooks. Limited resources and constant turnover within law enforcement created additional obstacles in maintaining capacity to investigate trafficking. One NGO-run shelter provided specialized services for victims younger than the age of 18 and rented apartments for male victims, where they received assistance from NGOs. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Albania Mission Against Human Trafficking MENU MENU. Information on immigration & asylum law, including news, jobs and events. Observers reported prosecutors rarely attended NRM meetings. 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